Insurance is an integral component for international travel and many overseas operations, particularly if you're seeking to hire individuals or lease space. Domestic policies may only cover claims and lawsuits within U.S. borders, so it's prudent—and often legally required—to purchase local policies that will protect you from personal and financial liability under the host country's laws, languages, and customs.
You can start by:
- Reviewing the common insurance requirements and other insurance considerations abroad.
- Contacting us or Risk Management & Audit Services (RMAS) to determine how these requirements may apply to your project and budget.
4 Common Insurance Policies for International Work and Travel
Many countries require proof of health insurance coverage in order to obtain a visa. Before leaving the U.S., travelers should consult with their health care provider about international coverage options and networks. If you need to purchase a short-term individual plan, GeoBlue Travel Medical and International Health Insurance and STA Travel are two options; the U.S. State Department also maintains a comprehensive list of private providers.
For staff hired abroad, employers may be required to provide health insurance coverage. If hired via an in-country partner, Harvard Global, other Harvard entity, or a Professional Employer Organization (PEO), this variable expense will be included in a monthly administrative fee. If not, several companies offer international plans for individuals and their families, including Aetna and Cigna.
To obtain a visa, many countries also require proof of evacuation coverage. This insurance covers the cost of transporting you to a safe place for medical or security reasons. Eligible Harvard students, faculty, and staff are covered by the Harvard Travel Assist program and can request a proof of coverage letter. Individuals not eligible for Harvard Travel Assist (including independent contractors and individuals hired via PEOs) may need to purchase their own plans. The U.S. State Department maintains a comprehensive list of private providers.
Travel insurance can provide financial protection from illness, accident, missed or cancelled flights, lost baggage, and other acceptable reasons. There are two types of travel insurance—trip cancellation and trip interruption. Some policies may be reimbursement only, meaning the traveler(s) must pay up-front costs. Before purchasing a plan, check with your credit card company; some companies offer limited coverage if you book flights and lodging on their card. SquareMouth is a helpful site to compare travel insurance policies.
In addition to age and overall health, life insurance premiums factor in where one lives. Moving abroad changes the jurisdiction, which can affect laws governing succession. Individuals moving abroad for work should check with their current provider as they will likely need to alter their policy or take out a new policy. For employees on the Harvard University payroll, there are no international exclusions on insurance while traveling overseas. Your School's or Unit's local HR can address specific questions.
Other Insurance Considerations Abroad
Any physical property, such as buildings, computers, or lab equipment can be lost or damaged due to various causes, including fire, storm, earthquake, or theft. If sufficient values are owned locally, a local property policy should be considered. If you’re traveling with valuable equipment, you may want to take out a separate policy. Digital property should also be considered if data being gathered or stored is particularly valuable or will be costly to replace. Separate data security policies cover this type of property.
Any time a negligent act or omission results in bodily injury or property damage, the offending party may be held accountable to pay for any financial damage sustained. Laws regarding accountability vary from country to country. Liability insurance typically covers injury or damage under the laws of the country where the incident occurred. Professional liability should be considered if your project involves any professional service, including health care, education, finance, law, or brokerage.
Nearly all countries require liability insurance for individuals operating automobiles. Per the University's Travel Office policy, limits should, at a minimum, satisfy legal requirements, but higher limits are often advisable, and some Schools may have their own policies. The University has negotiated special pricing that includes the required insurance coverages with select vendors. See the Harvard Travel Services website for more information.
Most countries have mandatory, state-sponsored workers compensation programs to ensure that workers are covered for injuries sustained on the job. In most cases, this is administered via a payroll tax. Countries that don’t sponsor such programs often have legislation requiring employer responsibility for on-the-job injury. Requirements for coverage may differ for local versus foreign nationals.