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Drug Facts: Traveling with Medication

Adderall. Tylenol PM. Birth control. Protein powder. These are just a few of the common U.S. medications and supplements that are illegal in some countries or require government authorization prior to your arrival.

Travelers are often caught off guard by the wide variance of laws regulating the importation of and access to medications across borders, whether mailed or hand carried. Depending on your destination, you could be subject to increased scrutiny from customs officials (not a big deal, you think) or confiscation and imprisonment (that escalated quickly). In Turkey, Egypt, and Malaysia, for example, a drug offense conviction can result in the death penalty.

Check your destination's banned and restricted medications before you leave.

Know Before You Go

Be aware of your destination’s banned and restricted medications. The U.S. embassy website of your destination country is a good place to start-- a quick query in the search bar should do the trick. If any of your medications are on the list of restricted items, talk with your health care providers about the suitability of alternatives legally permitted and readily available in your destination.

Common Restrictions

  • Narcotics and psychotropic medications (e.g. Adderall and Ambien)
  • Over-the-counter medications and nutritional supplements (e.g. protein powder)
  • Hormone medications (e.g. birth control pills, morning after pills, and hormone therapy medication for gender transition)
  • Certain ingredients (e.g. diphenhydramine HCI, found in Tylenol PM) or quantities

Ignorance isn’t an Excuse

Take this example of an American Toyota executive arrested in Tokyo after Japanese customs officials found a controlled pain medication in a package she mailed to herself. Japanese authorities can detain suspects without charge for up to 23 days, and the executive spent almost three weeks in jail before being released without charge. At a press conference, Toyota explained that their executive did not intentionally violate local laws; however, ignorance, in this case, had serious repercussions.

Chronic Conditions

For travelers with chronic physical or mental health conditions, anticipate how your new environment can affect your health. For example, if you have asthma and are traveling to areas with high levels of air pollution, you’ll want to discuss mitigation strategies with your health care provider. If you require injections, you’ll need to review airline and country-specific regulations for traveling with needles or syringes. Many airlines, like Emirates, have a list of prohibited goods on their website, as well as guidelines for traveling with a chronic health condition.

mental health

Practice self-care; difficulty in adjustment can be mitigated by trying to maintain your daily routine while abroad. If there are aspects of your routine that keep you happy at home-- for example, working out-- try to find facilities in your destination by which you can continue them.

Preexisting mental health conditions can be intensified by living in a different culture, and local resources may be less than or different from those to which you’re accustomed to at home. Discuss these concerns with your health care provider and know the counseling resources available to you abroad—including International SOS—should you need help.

Tips for Traveling with Medication

Before you leave

  • Research your destination and transit locations. The International SOS country guides include medical information such as vaccines, documentation, medication, clinics, and hospitals.
  • Obtain necessary permits or government authorization.
  • Ask your doctor for a letter on his/her letterhead explaining your medical treatment and necessity, translated into the host country’s language, if necessary.
  • Pack enough medication to last the length of your trip and no more than personal-use quantities.

During travel

  • Keep all medications in your carry-on luggage and in their original, labeled containers; do not combine multiple medications into one container.
  • The name on the prescription should match the name on travel documents and identification.
  • Carry a written prescription and a letter from your doctor explaining the medication and medical condition.
  • Do not have banned or controlled substances mailed to you.
  • In case of an emergency, contact International SOS if you are sick, injured, or need medical advice.


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